The GINI Index is a measure from 0 to 100 used to measure equality. “This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family incomes in a country.” In a country where the score is 0 there would be no inequality and everybody would earn the same amount. (This could only happen in a pure communist society, not the type of Marxism communism that most of us associate with communism.) A country that scores 100 would be the most unequal society possible. According to this Index Namibia (71) has the most unfair distribution of wealth, and Sweden (23) is where equality prevails the most. From statistics in 2007 it is believed that the average GINI index in the world is 39. A general trend is that countries in north and eastern Europe have much lower scores, and those in Africa and Asia seem to usually score higher on the index. UK, which I believe to be one of the fairest democracies has a score off 33. This is quite good. Apart from Namibia, which isn’t very well known, no other country scores higher than South Africa, which has been proved to be very unfair with a score of 65. The factors that contribute to this are the apartheid (racist), broken job markets and the monopolistic (total control) mining industries. “Communist” China scored 48 in 2009, but has now become South Africa’s rival with a score of 61. Results from a survey have shown that the “top-tenth of Chinese households took away 57% of the income in 2010.” Anybody who knows India in any depth would have noticed the corruption it practices, yet it had a low score of only 36.8 in 2004. Many people have seen USA as the spearhead of our world, the most powerful country for a long time, with a very fair democracy, however I think that the electoral system is way too over complicated and wastes time. Presidential candidates begin their campaigns 1 year before the election date and personally I see this as a waste of time, when the presidential candidates could be working hard to solve their country’s problems. USA which is seen to be a fair country, an ideal place to live for many people, actually scores a rather high 45, which shows that there is a lot of inequality of incomes in it.
Statistics from the CIA Factbook